Being an owner of a website, nothing can be worse than seeing all of your work defaced or entirely wiped out by a hacker. But before you go for a solution you must understand how a hacker is able to hack a website, what are those vulnerabilities that cause it to happen.
How A Website Is Hacked?
First, hackers check the vulnerabilities of a website whether it allows them to bring down the website or not. However, the objective of a hacker is always to steal the important information like credit card details, username, passwords etc.. If they are able to find a particular vulnerability, they start targeting it to harm a website.
Usually hackers use Google Dork that can let them find some incredible information like email addresses, login credentials, payment card data details which are highly sensitive information and hard to extract. In this way they execute the hack and harm the businesses as well as the common people.
It is another application that is used to test websites. If a website qualifies in level 1, it means it is not susceptible to attack. This tool helps the hackers to point out the weakness level of the website. When they enter the url of a website in this tool they are able to find out the loopholes in the website.
There are several other tools and software like Havij that help attackers to hack a website and get highly sensitive information. As the technology improves the chances of security threats also get increased.
Now the question is how you can make your website secure to the level so that it can overcome all types of vulnerabilities of getting hacked.
1. Keep All Software, Platforms & Scripts Updated
You might not know updates not only give more functionalities to your website but also make it stay ahead of hackers. CMS provider like WordPress releases regular updates that make your application less vulnerable to attacks. And also make sure your website is away from old and non-updated plugins as these can prove as a gateway to enter your website by the hackers.
2. Disallow Admin Page
You should use robots.txt files to disallow search engine from indexing your admin page. If your admin page is not indexed then it is impossible for hackers to enter your website. When it is disallowed in robots.txt file, it appears like this:
3. HTTPS – A Secure Communication Protocol
If you have decided to move on your website to Https protocol it means your website will be safe for providing financial information on it that would be good for you as well as your customers.
It doesn’t cost you much but ensure extra security from hackers by adding Secure Sockets Layer to your website. It doesn’t allow access without the proper authority.
You can prefer NameCheap for buying a certificate that have the best option of GeoTrust QuickSSL that costs between $50 to $60.
4. Server Configuration Files
You should know which web server configuration file you are using as it allows you to execute server rules and directives that improve your website security. You can restrict directory browsing that limits the information available to hackers. You can also protect certain files that have most sensitive information stored in them such as login credentials.
5. IP Access
If you find that a particular IP address is targeting to your website then you can block that IP address or you can ban every IP that is susceptible to harm your website can be banned from accessing the administrative power of your website. There are lots of tutorials available that can help you to do it yourself or you can contact to your IT person who can easily do it.
6. Use Strong Passwords
Strong passwords are not only important for email and financial transactions but these are equally important for website credentials like admin passwords. The websites having weak passwords are more prone to getting hacked as the programs used by the hackers can easily crack the passwords.
A strong password is a combination of alphanumeric characters, upper and lower case letters and symbols that is at least 12 characters long. You should change your passwords regularly to ensure security and store user’s data in encrypted form so that if somehow hackers have got the credentials of your website still can steal your user’s information. You can use https://strongpasswordgenerator.com/ that can help you generate strong password.
7. SQL Injection
This is one of the types of attacks in which a hacker uses a URL parameter to gain access to your database. The websites which use standard transact SQL become easier for hackers to change table and get information by entering rogue code into your query. In order to overcome this problem, you should use parameterised queries which can be easily implemented.
8. Secure Website Backups
In digital word there is always a risk of losing data so keeping backup of your website database is very important. But keeping those backup on web servers can be a major security risk as it contains unpatched versions of CMS and extensions that are publicly available can give easy access to your website.
You should save your backups offsite and not on the same server. Another thing which is also important that your backup system should be automated. If it is possible for you then prefer to keep backups of your backups.
Apart from the above given security measures you should always prefer to use security applications. Some of the best security applications are Acunetix WP Security, McAfee LiveSafe & Symantec Norton Security Deluxe.
If you follow the given tactics seriously no hackers can peep into your website which is good for your website, your business, your customers and as well as your reputation.